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Laparoscopy is a surgical technique we use to diagnose and treat a range of abdominal or pelvic problems through a scope (laparoscope) that is placed in the abdomen through a small incision. Typically, laparoscopy is performed under general anesthesia. The fiberoptic scope is passed into the abdomen through an incision made in the navel. Sometimes one or more additional small incisions are made to pass specialized surgical instruments into the abdomen. The abdomen is filled with carbon dioxide gas to provide a view of the reproductive organs.
In most cases, procedures performed with laparoscopic technique result in reduced recovery time and increased patient comfort when compared to procedures performed with a larger abdominal incision. Patients can normally return to their everyday activities in 2-3 days. Although laparoscopic technique continues to be refined and is being used to diagnose and/or treat an increasing number of problems, the choice of surgical technique depends on the specifics of a patient's case.
Cases that might require a laparoscopy:
- Diagnosing and treating endometriosis
- Evaluating infertility
- Treating ovarian cysts
- Removal of fibroids
- Removing adhesions